Some people suffer from diseases of the bones and joints, so they should go to the doctor immediately in case of feeling pain in the knee or joints area, and this is due to damage to some parts of the knee or because of osteoporosis, but in this case, you must go to the doctor in order to get A proper health solution to get rid of knee and joint problems and through your visit to the therapist helps you to know and understand many of the procedures for physical therapy and rehabilitation after changing the knee joint or joints in general and what are the reasons that lead to changing the knee joint or helps the doctor to understand what are the appropriate procedures Rehabilitation and physiotherapy after surgery.
Patients with severe joint damage, especially the knee joint, may undergo or have to replace the natural knee joint with another artificial joint of the knee. Connect a small piece of the artificial knee to the femur on the first side and connect or connect the second piece of the artificial knee to the upper region of the shin bone in addition to adding a piece or part of polyethylene between the two bones, the femur and the shin bone, in order to absorb shocks, where half or what is used Approximately 50% of cases replace the other part of the knee, the patella.
Reasons leading to knee joint replacement:
There are many reasons that lead to changing the natural knee joint with another artificial joint, and it is necessary to undergo a process of replacing and changing the natural knee joint in the event of exposure to bone problems, including osteoporosis or roughness in the natural knee joint, where the roughness in the knee makes the knee unable to bear the shocks Because of the loss or consumption of the cartilage between the parts of the knee, through which it can withstand shocks and damage to the knee due to the trauma to which the patient is exposed. Therefore, it is necessary to go to the physiotherapist or the treating doctor to develop the necessary plan or to perform some medical procedures for the process of changing or replacing the knee joint natural.
Where the natural knee joint can be changed or replaced due to some external factors that affect the natural knee through infection with some diseases that lead to the occurrence of pain resulting from the knee, including the occurrence of some infections in the knee area or joints in general, due to an excessive increase in weight or exposure For injuries and trauma in the knee area in the past, or in the case of undergoing surgery in which the cartilage part in the knee was removed or abandoned, which leads to exposure or severe pain due to the inability of the injured person to move normally or due to rheumatoid arthritis. To the process of replacing and changing the natural knee joint due to congenital factors or genetic problems that the child may be exposed to in addition to the possibility of inheriting osteoporosis through the parents and also after the genetic factors causing the resort to the process of replacing and changing the natural knee joint with the other artificial joint.
Symptoms of infections or problems in the knee
You may suffer from problems or pain resulting from the knee due to advanced age or excessive increase in weight and body and also due to some natural or genetic factors such as curvatures that affect the knee or joints or the occurrence of some previous injuries in the joints. These factors affect the knee that lead to The occurrence of pain resulting from the knee and also leads to wear in parts of the knee such as the articular cartilage that bears the shocks to which the knee is exposed.
Knee joint pain:
A large number of people suffer from pain caused by the knee or joint, and they also suffer from erosion of the knee or erosion and erosion of the cartilage part in the knee, which leads to erosion of the knee. At the beginning of the feeling of pain in the knee for a few minutes at rest times, but in some late cases of pain, the patient feels pain at rest times. The patient feels pain during sleep and at all other times, such as during sports or continuous movement, and it can affect sleep because of the pain resulting from the knee.
Articular sclerosis of the knee joint occurs late at night and at the beginning of the day, generally affecting movement and difficulty in walking, movement, exercise and daily activities in general due to the pain caused by the knee that causes articular stiffness of the knee.
Difficulty and pain in walking:
The patient can feel pain in the knee and difficulty walking due to advanced cases of knee erosion, which leads to difficulty in movement and the occurrence of some pain resulting from the lower part of the body. The patient may need the incapacitating tools he needs to help him walk and move normally, including the crutch.
Physiotherapy and rehabilitation after knee replacement
Physiotherapy and rehabilitation after knee replacement before the operation:
It is necessary to go to the physiotherapist to practice some healthy exercises that help the patient in the post-operative period to change the natural knee joint. These exercises help in the ease and speed of treatment after the operation and help in the chances of recovery and recovery greatly. Therefore, the patient should go to the physiotherapist In the case of feeling erosion in the knee joint in order to obtain healthy exercises that will help him after the operation.
Physiotherapy and rehabilitation after knee joint replacement after the operation:
Practical research and scientific studies have proven the importance of physical therapy in the treatment of joint and knee diseases, as it helps in the chances of recovery and recovery quickly after surgery to change the natural knee joint, in addition to scientific studies and research proving the importance of physical therapy For the whole body, not just for the treatment of joints, and physiotherapy exercises to get rid of knee pain and help the patient increase the chances of recovery after the operation, water physiotherapy or cycling exercises, in addition to balance exercises that help balance the body and supply the body with energy and some other exercises suitable for the case of knee pain Where physical therapy helps in treating joint problems and some other problems in the body.
There are four steps that must be maintained after performing surgeries to change and replace the natural knee joint The first step In rehabilitation, the movement of the joint in order to maintain the muscle and its strength, the continuity of its natural movement, The second step It is the stability of the dynamic force of the knee muscle, where this dynamic force is in the walking stage and is eventually converted to the stability of the joint or the stability of the knee.
After performing the surgery to change and replace the knee joint, the blood circulation of the body must be stimulated, because it is one of the most important things after the operation, and the next day the patient moves slowly, using assistive devices such as a crutch or a walker.