physiotherapy and polio, Polio is one of the strongest and most infectious diseases that result from viral infection. Where this infection attacks the nervous system, and there are scientific studies and research that indicate that the symptoms of the disease do not appear on polio sufferers, but there are some pediatric patients, or the patient rarely feels paralyzed due to exposure to this infection, which affects the body.
Where polio is most prevalent among children who are at least 5 years old, But the child or children sometimes get infected with the polio virus, but studies have shown the existence of a vaccine through which polio can be eliminated and not exposed to infection by providing the child with the therapeutic vaccine in the early stages of development so that he does not contract polio.
But the truth is that polio virus infection spreads widely among children and affects their bodies quickly and without the child and parents feeling the symptoms of polio infection, It is the most common among children.
Causes of polio infection
Polio infection is known as poliomyelitis or poliomyelitis, Where polio is one of the enteroviruses that infects children in the early stages of development, There is a combination of three different types of poliovirus infection and infection.
Where the most prevalent pattern is the first type, as it is the most common cause of paralysis in children compared to other types of infection.
Infection is spread in several different ways, one of the most famous of these is the way the viral infection of polio is transmitted from one person to another through the oro-anal, and this is mainly done as this includes the entry of the virus through the mouth or nose, Where the infection multiplies after entering the mouth and multiplies in the throat and intestinal tract, then the infection is transmitted to the blood and also to the lymphatic system.
The viral infection of polio reaches the central nervous system and affects all nerves in the central nervous system. There are also many different ways in which one can be exposed to polio viral infections.
The infection is transmitted from person to person through contact with the mucus of a child infected with polio or through contact with the stool of a person infected with polio. It can also be exposed through direct contact with a person infected with polio.
The infection continues in the incubation stage in the human or infected body for approximately 35:5 days, then the divisions of the viral infection multiply in the patient’s body and are transmitted to the lymphatic and nervous system. The infection can also be transmitted from an infected person to another before the symptoms of polio appear. These are considered Causes and ways of transmission of viral infection of polio.
Symptoms of polio, physical therapy and polio
There are many symptoms of polio, as these symptoms appear on children after exposure to infection and infection, These symptoms affect the lymphatic system and then the nervous system and cause many health problems that sometimes lead to paralysis in some limbs, in addition to affecting the body abnormally, and the patient becomes unable to control movement and control the automatic movements of the body.
The symptoms of the emergence of polio on the patient are multiple after the multiplication and spread of the viral infection of polio in the body, after the completion of the incubation period of the virus in the throat area and after its transmission to the blood and lymphatic system.
Where polio infection is known as a latent infection, because it does not appear on the body and does not show any health problems, but the type of symptoms associated with polio varies according to the type, and these symptoms include the following:
There are three types of polio infection, and these types are:
The first type is the abortifacient:
It is considered the simplest type of poliomyelitis, as it is the mildest type in pain and injury, and the patient suffers from it for a short period of time. Its most important symptoms are:
- Feeling of congestion in the throat area.
- Fever exposure.
- Inability to eat and loss of appetite.
- Constant pain, fatigue, and exhaustion.
- Constipation sometimes
- Abdominal pain, vomiting, and nausea in some cases.
The second type is the non-paralytic type:
This type of poliomyelitis is similar to the abortive type because it does not last for a long period of time, in addition to the similarity of some of the symptoms associated with the abortion, it is similar to the non-paralytic type due to the difference in some of the symptoms associated with the children.
But it is considered one of the mild types of polio, and among those symptoms, the symptoms of non-paralytic infection vary, because they begin to appear after the completion of the symptoms of paralysis or the aborted type, and these symptoms include the following:
- Stiffness in the neck area and stiffness along the entire spine.
- Exposure to some muscle pain, especially the muscles of the neck, arms, legs, and trunk area.
The third type is the paralytic type:
It is considered one of the most dangerous types of polio infection, Where the symptoms accompanying it are similar at first to the symptoms of other types of infection, but it is considered the most dangerous type, Where the symptoms of paralytic polio appear after exposure for a period of one week and can be observed through the symptoms accompanying the disease, including:
- Exposure to problems with reflexes and inability.
- The occurrence of flaccidity in all parts of the body and this pathology is called flaccid paralysis.
- Exposure to severe pain in all muscles of the body as well
- Feeling of weakness in the body’s muscles and the inability to move and use them normally.
These types are the types of injury and their symptoms that affect the human body and affect the nature of its movement.
Physiotherapy and polio
There is a group of treatment methods through which it is possible to eliminate or reduce the appearance of symptoms associated with polio disease, because there is no specific treatment through which polio can be identified and treated primarily. These treatment methods are used to relieve pain and relieve symptoms associated with the disease.
Analgesics are one of the pharmacological methods used by patients in order to reduce the pain caused by polio, as well as reduce the appearance of symptoms and relieve them, not feeling pain and having a fever.
Ventilators are one of the most important therapeutic methods that help improve the breathing process in order to obtain artificial respiration in all the difficult times that the patient is exposed to.
Physiotherapy and polio:
Physiotherapy is the most important therapeutic method that prevents exposure to deformations that occur in the patient’s body, which can affect the muscles of the body, as it also affects the function of the muscles. In addition, physiotherapy can activate the muscles of the body and blood circulation, and also helps to restore movement and walking in a way. It is normal for those who suffer from movement problems.